It is easy for gymnasts to leap, bend, split, spring and split because they use every muscle in the body.
Muscles are elastic tissues that allow us to move our bodies. With it, our internal organs can function. There are more than 600 muscles in the body making up around 40 percent of our body weight. However, not all muscles are named. Let’s welcome a few muscles that give gymnasts a life.
Gymnastics is equipped with balance, stability, and flexibility because of core strength a gymnast provide. Having a strong and stable core is essential to help the body perform a multiple of positions while keeping the muscles tight.
In back handspring, abdominal and pelvic muscles contract to pull the legs and pelvis over the top. It helps a gymnast move throughout a routine. When the player raises the torso, the pelvis is not just a big help but also the muscles in the leg and the lumbar vertebrate. Core muscles involve abdominal contraction and hip flexion that makes every movement possible.
Muscles in the legs tend to be the most used and important. The most positions in the gymnast routine such as back handspring takeoff and landing have used quadriceps and gluteal muscles. These muscles produce more power in the leg helping gymnast stand even at the heaviest fall. Gluteus Maximus is the main buttocks pushing muscle. If the gymnast is able to do an upside-down phase, some of the muscles they used are adductor longus, adductor magnus and adductor brevis. Tibialis posterior is one of the main muscles of the legs that let gymnast point, jump and flex.
Arms, Chest, and Back
The arms, chest, and back are the three parts of the body that work together in order to assist each other. Infraspinatus, latissimus dorsi, and supraspinatus are some of the main muscles that are used in the mid and upper back. When it comes to the chest and shoulders, there are cooperating muscles like sirratus anterior, medial and posterior deltoids. Triceps, biceps, and coracobrachialis are the essential muscles that enable the gymnast to do upside-down and right-side-up motion.
There are many unnamed muscles gymnast used for everyday movement. What matters most is that a single muscle can do multiple jobs even in a single move.